GSI Analysis: The State of Our State Economy: Lagging

  • YTD Revenue growth of 2.1% significantly below Treasurer’s annual growth plan of 7.5% 

  • Business Tax jump increases revenue, hurts long-term competitiveness

New Jersey’s state tax revenues for December were released this week and show overall lagging of the plan significantly.

“While the Governor is offering his State of the State address today, there can be no mistake that the state of our economy is tenuous as reflected in weak state tax revenue,” said Garden State Initiative President Regina M. Egea. “The underpinnings of our state economy, with high taxes and heavy debt, leave us ill-prepared for an inevitable economic cycle slowdown.”

December 2018 vs. December 2017, along with the year to date FY 2019 vs. year to date FY 2018 tax revenue collections for sales and income taxes are as follows:

·         The state’s sales tax, the 2nd largest of the state’s tax revenue sources, December 2018 vs. December 2017 was up 5.4 percent ($40 million) but YTD FY 2019 sales tax revenue was up only  1.2 percent ($46 million) vs. a 6.2 percent increase in the Treasurer’s annual projection.

·         The state’s gross income tax revenue, which is constitutionally required to go directly to the property tax relief fund, was down a stunning 35.2 percent (-$640 million) December 2018 vs. December 2017. YTD Gross income Tax revenue is trailing the Treasurer’s projected growth rate by a wide margin.  YTD GIT is down 6.5 percent (-$393 million)FY 2019 vs. the planned annual 5.4 percent increase.

 According to NJ Treasurer Elizabeth Maher Muoio, the December state income tax revenue drops (for the month and the year) were largely due to changes in federal tax deadlines and encouragement for many people to file taxes earlier in December 2017 to take advantage of state and local tax deduction caps that kicked in January 2018. Left unsaid are further analysis as to how the state plans to make up the slow growth in revenue.  In order to achieve the total annual 7.5% growth annually with a YTD 2.1 % rate, total revenue growth would have accelerate geometrically.

The Garden State’s Surplus Revenue Fund (rainy day fund), according to a new report from Moody’s, cites New Jersey in the minority of states who fail to have enough reserve funds set aside in case of an economic downturn—which many business leaders and experts predict could happen within the next year. 

One of the biggest areas of tax revenue growth over the fiscal year has been due to the (temporary) jump in corporate business tax rates that were included in the budget passed last summer. While the temporary rate hike has yielded short term tax revenue growth, it has also damaged the state’s already rocky competitive standing. GSI’s business tax competitiveness study last year showed how the Garden State is falling dangerously behind neighbor and competing states in terms of where businesses are looking to locate. The damage from the state’s poor economic competitiveness has caused jobs and businesses to leave New Jersey.

Without substantial improvements in the state’s economy, New Jersey will be unable to attract, with or without tax incentives, new jobs for our residents and likely be vulnerable come the next economic downturn.